created by the BC Patient Safety & Quality Council
Activities for Transforming Teams
and Igniting Change
ATTIC is a collection of tools, games, and activities to inspire innovation, teamwork and engagement in health care settings.

Debate and Dialogue

When we have a difference in opinion, we can engage in debate or dialogue. In debate, we are working to persuade or advocate for our own point of view, trying to prove that our perspective is correct and that another’s perspective is wrong. With dialogue, on the other hand, we are working to understand another’s point of view and re-evaluate our own point of view in light of that dialogue. With a true dialogue, the process is collaborative as people work to achieve a shared understanding.

Download Activity Worksheet

  • 20
  • 2
  • Cards with opposite word pairs


  • Source: Adapted from the Big Book of Conflict Resolution

What to do

  1. In advance of the session, prepare enough word pair “opposite” cards for each team to have its own card. Each card will have 2 opposite words listed on it (e.g. cats versus dogs, early birds versus night owls, e-books versus print books, staycations versus travel, summer versus winter, toilet paper over the top of the roll versus toilet paper under the bottom of the roll, etc.).
  2. Ask everyone to pair off.
  3. Provide each pair with their own “opposite” card.
  4. Invite each partner to choose one of the topics on the card.
  5. For five minutes, team members are invited to debate each other as to why their respective topic is better.
  6. Stop the debate. Share with participants that the intention of this process was to put the pairs into a mini-conflict by picking opposing views on their respective topics and debating why their perspective was better.
  7. Discuss with the group the differences between debate and dialogue.
    • In debate, we are trying to “beat” another’s perspective.
    • In dialogue, we are trying to “understand” another’s perspective.
  8. Now, repeat this activity with a new approach. Instead of debating the two topics, invite the pairs to engage in dialogue about their respective topics. In doing so, invite them to ask questions and take the time to truly listen to the answers. The goal of this round is to create the space for each person to have a chance to be heard and learn from each other in order to come to a shared understanding about each other’s respective topic.
  9. After five minutes, stop the dialogue.
  10. Debrief with the group.


  • During the debate portion of the activity, how did you react to your mini-conflict?
  • Is it difficult to listen when someone has a different point of view than you?
  • Is this normally how you react in conflict situations? Why or why not?
  • What happened when you switched from debate to dialogue?
  • How did the dialogue portion of the activity feel?
  • When someone disagrees with you, do you always stop to ask questions and understand their perspective?
  • How could you prompt yourself to engage in dialogue versus debate moving forward?
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